By Heinz Kramer
Turkey is a longstanding best friend of the us and Europe. After the loss of life of the Soviet empire, Turkey's strategic value has replaced yet no longer reduced. at the present time Turkey is dealing with a totally diverse overseas and safeguard coverage surroundings. notwithstanding, Turkey can be present process outstanding inner swap. Many validated political truths of the Republic's seventy-five-year-long culture are more and more puzzled by way of a transforming into a part of its humans. specially, there's the increase of political Islam and the resultant conflict of ideologies among "secularists" and "Islamists" in addition to the controversy approximately Turkey's "Kurdish reality." Turkey's allies must reply to this improvement by way of adapting their regulations. not anything below a re-examination and, ultimately, a re-orientation in family with either the U.S. and Europe is needed if Turkey is to stay anchored within the West. This e-book undertakes a entire evaluate and research of Turkey's inner and exterior alterations and offers parts of a brand new ecu and American coverage towards a key strategic associate.
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Extra info for A Changing Turkey: The Challenge to Europe and the United States (Studies in Foreign Policy)
Thus the generals of the 1980 coup, with their attempt to prescribe a strong legal and institutional framework for Turkey's post-1980 development, laid the groundwork for a major return to politics of their successors in the late 1990s. Guardians on Alert: The Role of the Military The Turkish military leadership, by tradition and by legal texts based on that tradition, is designated the task of defending the security of the republic. In this context, security implies defending against domestic as well as external threats.
At present the old dynamics of Turkish party politics prevail, which means that the parties and their leaders seem absorbed by tactical and personal power games and the yearning for positions of influence for the satisfaction of their personal, often material, interest and that of their followers. One validation of this observation is the accusations of corruption or financial mismanagement against three of Turkey's prime ministers, Çiller, Yilmaz*, and Erbakan, plus other leading politicians that have been made by various parties in the parliament since the mid-1990s.
These measures against Islamist fundamentalism went unhindered by the government. 19 It was, however, also a sign of the military's disappointment with and disdain for the politicians whom it regarded as unable and unwilling to subordinate their petty political and personal interests to the national interest of preserving the Kemalist republic. The military leadership shows only limited understanding of the complexities of democratic party politics and its parliamentarian power games. For the military, the nation and its survival in the Kemalist sense is of tantamount importance and cannot be left to the political class, which more than once in the past has shown its inability and incompetence in fulfilling its national duty.