By James Reilly
Celebrated for its old water wheels, the city of Hama is found on Syria’s longest river, the Orontes. Ottoman Hama was once a stopover at the significant north-south street of Syria in addition to the guts of an area fiscal area of its personal. Intertwined social networks associated townspeople to the peasants and pastoral nomads of Hama’s hinterland. by way of the early 20th century a couple of elite and impressive households had come to dominate the political and monetary lifetime of Hama and its outlying villages, atmosphere the level for the city’s dramatic access into Syrian nationwide existence throughout the French Mandate and post-colonial classes. established mostly on neighborhood judicial information, this e-book is a social heritage of Hama over the last centuries of Ottoman rule. It examines the social and monetary constructions that outlined people’s lives and that conditioned their participation within the ancient alterations of the eighteenth and 19th centuries. Dramatis personae comprise women and men, commoners and notables, retailers and artisans, and others who, taken jointly, signify a cross-section of a center japanese society as they entered the realm of worldwide markets, eu empires, and smooth states.
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Extra info for A Small Town in Syria: Ottoman Hama in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
1850; 53:61, 19 Shawwal 1266/ 28 Aug. 1850. The significance of house property in Hama can be compared to the situation of Aleppo, suggesting a wider Ottoman pattern. Marcus, Middle East, 185. Cf. Abraham Marcus, “Men, Women and Property: Dealers in Real Estate in 18th Century Aleppo,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 26 (1983): 137–163. For instance, the houses in LCR Hama 46:151, doc. 315, 28 Safar 1208/ 5 Oct. 1793; 53:51, 21 Ramadan 1266/ 31 July 1850. Better-off (but not necessarily ‘elite’ or ‘notable’) urbanites also owned domestic slaves; see LCR Hama 46:208a, doc.
419, 17 Rajab 1208/ 18 Feb. 1794; 46:188, doc. 420, 17 Rajab 1208/ 18 Feb. 1794; 53:52, 24 Ramadan 1266/ 3 Aug. 1850; 53:53, 27 Ramadan 1266/ 6 Aug. 1850; 53:61, 19 Shawwal 1266/ 28 Aug. 1850. The significance of house property in Hama can be compared to the situation of Aleppo, suggesting a wider Ottoman pattern. Marcus, Middle East, 185. Cf. Abraham Marcus, “Men, Women and Property: Dealers in Real Estate in 18th Century Aleppo,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 26 (1983): 137–163.
28 In the decades that followed, descendants and relatives of these ‘Azms continued to occupy a prominent place in Hama’s society. The most illustrious of the ‘Azms, As‘ad b. Isma‘il (d. 1757), served as district governor of Hama before becoming governor of Damascus. His brother, Ibrahim Pasha (d. 1746), served as governor of Tripoli, Hama’s outlet to the Mediterranean. Both As‘ad and Ibrahim forged enduring ties to Hama,29 which served as an economic and agricultural hinterland to 26 27 28 29 32 The Ottoman government established these advisory councils in the 1840s as part of its Tanzimat administrative reform program.