By Guangqiu Xu
conventional chinese language medication built over millions of years, yet alterations brought from 1835-1935 through American missionary medical professionals initiated a landslide of cultural revolution within the urban of Canton and scientific modernization all through China. targeting clinical missionaries’ rules and techniques in a central urban of the interval, Canton, Guangqiu Xu, a local of Canton, describes the long term effect of yank types of scientific paintings, that are nonetheless in position in China today.
regardless of stiff resistance to alter and chinese language suspicion of overseas principles, the influence of yank clinical missionaries was once profound. They opened clinical colleges, expert sleek medical professionals, and promoted public future health schooling. those changes in flip resulted in significant social hobbies within the modernization of Canton, comparable to the women’s rights circulate, smooth charity and welfare structures, and glossy hygiene campaigns.
This ebook specializes in the adjustments American medical professionals delivered to Canton, their implementation, what is still in their effect this present day, and the way a few of these modifications have unfold throughout China. It exhibits that the chinese language have themselves develop into extra conscious of cultural family members with the U.S. as a part of the recognition of those alterations, and demonstrates how the original combination of recent Western and standard chinese language medications has helped modernize China and make Canton the cradle of contemporary reform and revolution in China.
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Extra info for American doctors in Canton : modernization in China, 1835-1935
The Canton Hospital, 1835-1935 The Ophthalmic Hospital, 1835-39 The institution of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) in 1810 was the starting point of the ABCFM movement because no Protestant missionaries had been dispatched outside the United States prior to this time. On October 14, 1829, two young American missionaries, Elizah C. Bridgman and David Abeel, departed from New York for Canton (Guangzhou), China. 1 The Qing government banned the introduction of any new religion into imperial China and expelled any persons caught proselytizing from the empire, and the policies of the Canton system prevented any types of close communication with the Chinese.
When sufficient sterilizing apparatus was introduced, the greatest amount of key operations in the city was performed at the Canton Hospital. The surgery consisted of three main lines, operations on eyes, lithotomies (removals of stones), and removal of tumors (including ovarian cysts). Dr. Parker carried out a large number of operations for the removal of cataracts on children and adult patients, including a case of double cataract in a child of five years old.
Kerr and his colleagues and forerunners, Dr. Swan carried the institute progressively ahead and all alone transformed the hospital into a new, efficient one. 27 Andrew H. Woods for some years was a physician of the Canton Christian College (later Lingnan University) and linked himself with the work of the Boji Hospital as early as 1900, both in medical and surgical work. He approached Dr. William W. Cadbury and Harvey J. Howard of the University Medical School in Pennsylvania and persuaded them to come to Canton as visiting physicians.