Download Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in by Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov PDF

By Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov

Until very lately, the belief of historical Jewish sciences may were thought of unacceptable. because the 1990’s, Early smooth and Medieval technology in Jewish assets has been actively studied, however the consensus used to be that no actual medical issues might be present in prior Judaism. This paintings issues them out intimately, and posits a brand new box of analysis: the medical job obvious within the useless Sea Scrolls and Early Jewish Pseudepigrapha. The booklet of latest texts and new analyses of older ones unearths an important components which are top illuminated via the historical past of technology, and should have attention-grabbing effects for it. The members evaluation those texts in terms of astronomy, astrology and physiognomy, marking the 1st finished try to account for medical subject matters in moment Temple Judaism. They examine the that means and objective of medical explorations in an apocalyptic atmosphere. An appreciation of those issues paves how one can a renewed figuring out of the medical fragments scattered all through rabbinic literature.
The publication first areas the Jewish fabric within the historical context of the close to japanese and Hellenistic worlds. whereas the Jewish texts weren't at the leading edge of medical discovery, they discover a significant position within the heritage of technology, among Babylonia and Egypt, within the period of time among Hipparchus and Ptolemy. The publication makes use of contemporary advances in approach to research the contacts and networks of Jewish students of their old surroundings. moment, the essays right here take on the complex inspiration of a countrywide medical culture. even though technological know-how is these days frequently conceived as common, the historiography of historic Jewish sciences demonstrates the significance of seeing the advance of technology in a neighborhood context. The publication explores the stress among the hegemony of important clinical traditions and native clinical companies, exhibiting the relevance of historic info to modern postcolonial historiography of technology. eventually, philosophical questions of the demarcation of technological know-how are addressed in a manner which could increase the dialogue of comparable historical materials.
Online version available as a part of the NYU Library's old international electronic Library and in partnership with the Institute for the examine of the traditional international (ISAW).


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10 1 Enoch 74:10-16 compares the lengths of the solar and lunar years, but no Aramaic or Greek fragment corresponding with this section has survived. 11 Milik (The Books of Enoch, 273) thought the Aramaic form of the astronomical work may have included a “broad introduction (approximately equivalent to En. 72)”, but there is no trace of such a section in the surviving fragments. 9 56 Ancient Jewish Sciences 23 3-10; 4Q210 ii [14]-20). These are sections in which there is a larger measure of overlap between the versions than in the lunar material, although there are many differences as well.

C. Tigchelaar and F. García Martínez, “208-209. 4QAstronomical Enocha-b ar,” in Qumran Cave 4 XXVI: Miscellanea, Part 1 (DJD 36; J. VanderKam and M. Brady, consulting editors; Oxford: Clarendon, 2000), 95-171. : The Aramaic Astronomical Book (4Q208–4Q211) From Qumran: Text, Translation, and Commentary (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011). 2 Milik identified some Greek fragments as containing text from the Astronomical Book of Enoch (Joseph T. Milik, “Fragments grecs du livre d’Hénoch [P. Oxy.

34 44 Ancient Jewish Sciences purposes; and it probably functioned as the language of international culture as well. It was in Aramaic that the Enochic circles received the Babylonian scientific traditions; it was in Aramaic that they preserved them. The ideas were new in Israel and Hebrew as yet lacked a technical, scientific vocabulary in which to express them. An analogous situation arose in the early Middle Ages, when Jews began to write in Arabic, not so much because it was the vernacular, but because it was the language of high culture and science, and Hebrew had yet to develop a scientific vocabulary.

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